HOW TO AVOID NECK INJURY
(Including Choke chains, Martingales & Flat collars)
· Never yank backwards and/or upwards with your leash
· Excessive pulling requires professional training
· Coughing is a sign of a damaged airway
· Keep your leash downward and/or sideways at all times
Many dogs suffer damage, swelling and pain on daily walks. Avoid the danger zone of the throat by using proper leash direction.
Most dogs have a lot of muscle tissue around their neck but all dogs have a thin layer at the throat.